CANNABIS, MARIJUANA, CBD OIL—WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN? WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS?
In recent years, interest has grown regarding the potential health effects and benefits of cannabis as both CBD oil and medical marijuana. Often people wonder if CBD oil is the same as marijuana. Will it get me high? Is it legal? This article will explain the differences between the two substances and outline the potential benefits of both.
FIRST OF ALL, WHAT IS CANNABIS?
Today, “cannabis” and “marijuana'' are often used interchangeably in the industry, which can cause confusion. Because the word “cannabis” technically refers to the entire genus of flowering plants that includes both hemp and marijuana. While CBD can come from either hemp or marijuana, it is often derived from hemp in order to avoid the addition of larger amounts of THC. THC, on the other hand, is derived from marijuana. In essence, marijuana is the intoxicating cousin of hemp.
IS CANNABIS LEGAL?
So, while marijuana and hemp might share a species, they are legally and chemically distinct in a significant way.Marijuana contains a significant amount of THC, while CBD (derived from hemp) contains .3% or less. In 2018, the Farm Bill was signed into law. It removed hemp (a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant) and derivatives of cannabis with low levels of THC (0.3% or less) from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act.
As of July 2023, 38 states and Washington, D.C. have enacted policies allowing medical marijuana and products containing THC to be prescribed by a doctor; and 19 states also allow recreational use of marijuana and THC-containing products.
WHAT ARE THE KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MARIJUANA AND CBD OIL?
CBD and THC affect different receptors in the brain. Because of this, CBD typically does not have psychoactive effects—in other words, it won't cause you to get high. THC, on the other hand, does have psychoactive effects. It is the compound that produces the high that people associate with marijuana. So, while THC and CBD share similarities, there are some key differences between the two compounds:
While research on the potential health benefits of THC, CBD, and other cannaboids is still in the early stages, there is evidence that these substances may be helpful for conditions including:
CBD vs. THC FOR PAIN RELIEF
CBD and THC can both be beneficial for pain relief. Because THC has psychoactive effects, it may produce more immediate pain relief. However, CBD can help reduce inflammation, which is useful for long-term effectiveness. Some evidence suggests that taking both CBD and THC may provide the greatest pain relief.
While cannabis itself has not been FDA approved to treat any condition, there are a few drugs approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that contain CBD or THC:
Both THC and CBD can be consumed in a number of different forms. THC is most often consumed by smoking marijuana. But both THC and CBD are available in other forms including:
SOME FINAL THOUGHTS AND WORDS OF ADVICE
Both THC and CBD may have several benefits, but you should always talk to your doctor first before you try any products containing these cannabinoids. Both CBD and THC hold promise for alleviating symptoms and even treating some medical and mental health conditions, but research in this area is still relatively new and further investigation is needed.
In addition, because the laws regarding the use of cannabis and cannabis products are rapidly changing, you should always check your state's laws before using products containing CBD or THC. For our local clients. Please note that CBD products containing less than 0.3% THC are currently legal in South Carolina.